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2411 Crofton Lane, Suite 25
Crofton, MD 21114



Posts for: May, 2016

By Crofton Podiatry
May 24, 2016

Causes of ingrown toenails

Ingrown toenails, also known as onychocryptosis, usually occur on the big toes, but all toes can be subject to the problem. This is due to excessive external pressure or hereditary patterns that causes the edge of the toenail to grow into the skin. When the usually curved toenail breaks into the skin, it can lead to constant pain, inflammation, and bacterial infection.

  • The most frequent cause of ingrown toenails is cutting your toenails too short or too rounded. When this happens, the skin around the toenail can swell and then the toenail can grow into the skin.

  • Injuries to the toenail can also result in ingrown toenails, since prolonged swelling can allow the toenail to grow into the swollen skin.

  • Wearing shoes that are too tight puts pressure on the top or front of the toes.

  • Fungal infections can harden the toenail while pushing it into skin.

  • Curved toenails can also be a hereditary trait that can be passed down. Folks with these particular genes should take extra precaution to make sure that the ingrown toenails do not develop. If they do, they should take care to prevent infection.

Prevention and Care Tips

  • Trim your toenails in a straight line, and not too short.

  • Wear proper-fitting shoes.

  • Treat fungal and bacterial infections promptly.

  • Take care of broken or split toenails.

  • Reduce swelling of injuries with ice or Epsom salt.

  • Use bandages on ingrown toenail areas as cushioning from shoes.

  • See a podiatrist to help you with ingrown toenails.

If the toenail becomes very ingrown into the skin around, we suggest that you do not try to fix the problem, as there is an increased risk of infection or injury. Instead, schedule an appointment with our board-certified podiatrist, Dr. Brad Toll. Schedule an appointment at our office by calling (410) 721-4505. Dr. Toll and his team will work with you to find the best treatment option.


By Crofton Podiatry
May 18, 2016
Category: Runners Foot Care
Tags: calluses   bunions   blisters   nail fungus  

Marathons and 5Ks are in full swing – are your feet prepared to endure? Whether you are first time runners or long-competing veterans, foot preparation can make or break your experience. Improper care can lead to pain or injury on the day of or after the running event. Some common problems that may arise include blisters, cramping, tendon issues, toenail pain, sprained ankles, and broken bones. Foot issues can lead to further complications in our legs and make us more prone to injury than we should be.

If you have foot or ankle issues and you’d like to prepare for a running event, consult our board-certified podiatrist, Dr. Brad Toll of Crofton Podiatry. He can work with you to plan preventive measures to protect your feet and ankles during your next running event.

Prevent Issues and Protect Your Feet

Shoes: Make sure you have shoes that fit well. Shoes that are too short or narrow can cause toenail pain, bunions, and calluses. When they are too wide, it can allow for unnecessary friction, leading to blisters. In long-term races, feet will swell and you may need shoes that are up to 2 sizes larger. Also consider that shock absorbers on running shoes will be less effective after just 100 miles.

Blisters: To prevent blisters, runners can use anti-blister creams. There are other techniques of preparing the skin on the feet to make it more durable, such as using preparations containing salicylic acid, or shea butter.

Cracking skin: For those who have dry feet, running can lead to splitting and bleeding. To prevent this pain and discomfort, make sure to moisturize. Applying lotion or foot cream right after a shower can help to retain moisture.

Fungal problems: Foot fungus issues can arise when feet, shoes, and socks are not fully dried after running. Not only should you make sure everything is thoroughly dried, you should also use antiperspirant to continue to keep your feet dry from sweat. If using communal showers, use flip-flops. Finally, use anti-fungal medications to treat the itchy and red blisters that can be debilitating for runners.

Foot pampering: Runners can get pedicures to help take care of and prevent some issues related to running. Toenails will be trimmed and tough calluses, as well as dry skin will be taken care of. There is a massage component that also helps to relax and rejuvenate the feet. A regular foot massage will help with stimulating foot muscles for better recovery.

Foot Strengthening: Other than running, take time to strengthen and lengthen all parts of the foot and ankles. Strong muscles around the feet and ankles will help to prevent injuries and improve stability while running.

Most important of all, give yourself enough time to prepare your feet and ankles to have an effective and more pleasant experience in a running event!

If you have further questions and would like to discuss a plan for preparing for a running event, please schedule an appointment at our office located in Crofton, MD. We use the latest technology to offer comprehensive care.


By Crofton Podiatry
May 12, 2016
Tags: bunions   arthritis   bursitis   hammertoe  

Have you ever seen someone with what seems like a large big toe joint? Perhaps you suffer from this condition yourself. The deformed portion of the foot is called a bunion and they may or may not have symptoms other than the physical enlargement of the joint area. However, when complications arise, it can lead to conditions such as foot pains, bursitis, hammertoe, or metatarsalgia.

If you have bunions and you are experiencing pain and swelling, please contact our board-certified podiatrist, Dr. Brad Toll of Crofton Podiatry. He will work with you to find a way to manage pain or fix your bunions.

So what are bunions?

Bunions, which mostly commonly affect women, can form when there is uneven pressure placed on the big toe joint. When your feet experience this type of pressure repeatedly, it can cause the area around the joint to form a hard bony protrusion. Actually, bunions can occur near the big toe or the little (pinky) toe. The part that sticks out is usually due to a misalignment in the joint and possibly additional bone growth. A fluid filled sac near the joint can also contribute to the protrusion, and can become red, swollen, and painful if it becomes inflamed. This deformity can continue to progress and persist.

What are the causes?

  • Genetics – Some people have inherited traits that make their feet prone to certain foot types, especially over-pronation that may put more pressure toward the big toe joint.
  • Foot injuries – If a foot injury results in a misalignment of the joints around the big toe, it can contribute to the formation of bunions.

  • Birth deformities – When there have been deformities during birth, it can lead to a protruded big toe joint.

  • High heels or shoes that do not fit well – Women seem to be affected by bunions more commonly due to the shoes they may wear.  Wearing high heels puts more pressure on the front of the foot, which can force bunion growth. Shoes that do not fit well because they are too pointed or too narrow force the toes and other parts of the foot into a position that is unnatural.

  • Arthritis – Those that suffer from arthritis pain may walk with a different gait, which can make prone to bunion formation.


If you have any questions or concerns about bunions, please schedule an appointment at our office located in Crofton, MD or call us at 410-721-4505. We use the latest technology to offer comprehensive care, including sports medicine, surgical remedies, and laser therapy.


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2411 Crofton Lane, Suite 25
Crofton, MD 21114

Podiatrist - Crofton, Crofton Podiatry, 2411 Crofton Lane, Suite 25, Crofton MD, 21114 (410) 721-4505