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Posts for: September, 2016

By Crofton Podiatry
September 28, 2016
Category: Athlete's Foot
Tags: flip flops   wicking socks  

Have you ever experienced the symptoms of Athlete’s Foot? The foot fungus causes itchy, red bumps and dry, cracked skin on the feet, especially in between the toes. At first you may think it is just dry skin, maybe from wearing sandals or flip flops, but applying lotion doesn’t help the situation. Then you do a search of images of “foot fungus” and lo-and-behold, looks just like what you’ve got.

Where did it come from?

Athlete’s foot (tinea pedis), also known as toenail fungus or foot fungus, is caused by a fungi group called dermatophytes, and sometimes even yeasts or molds. They can enter the body through breaks in the skin or in the space between the toenail and skin. The fungi grow well on the feet because they are usually in moist, warm, dark places while in socks and shoes.

Athlete’s foot is contagious, so any contact with someone who has the fungal infection can lead to spreading the disease. It can also be spread by walking barefoot on moist, contaminated surfaces, like locker rooms or public showers. For college students, dorm showers can also be a hotspot of bacterial or fungal growth.

Prevention

At Crofton Podiatry, we believe that prevention is the best defense. Here are some steps you can take to prevent fungal infection:

  • Wash and dry your feet completely after exercising, sweating, or getting your feet wet from whatever reason.

  • Wear moisture wicking socks and change them during the day if you are prone to sweating.

  • Rotate the shoes you wear so that you they have adequate time to completely dry out between wears.

  • Never re-use socks without washing them first.

  • Use flip-flops in locker rooms and communal showers.

Treatment

If you are suffering from foot fungus issues, you should treat the issue immediately. You should wash and dry your feet every day, use antifungal medications, and do whatever is necessary to not spread the infection to others.

If washing your feet, rotating shoes, and using antifungal medications do not work, you should make an appointment at our Crofton, MD office to see our board-certified podiatrist, Dr. Brad Toll. Persistent fungal infection could lead to more complicated issues later, so it is best to treat as soon as possible. He may use a laser treatment or prescribe stronger antifungal medication. At Crofton Podiatry, we will use the latest treatment options to take care of your foot care needs.


By Crofton Podiatry
September 22, 2016
Category: Amputees

Prosthetics play a large role in the Paralympics as they enable disabled athletes to walk, run, cycle, and hold sports equipment. While watching the Paralympics, you may have noticed that the most common prosthetics are those of the leg (whole or partial). Athletes who were born with a missing limb and amputees who were victims of disease, injury, or trauma (like wars), have chances at competing for gold thanks to prosthetics. Some have even been able to surpass records set by non-disabled Olympians!

 

They even have a Paralympic repair shop for fixing the different prosthetics, as well as wheelchairs and other equipment necessary for the Paralympians to compete. For example, they have even refitted a refugee athlete’s prosthetic lower leg as the one he had before was fitted at a refugee camp and didn’t fit comfortably. They have all sorts of tools to adjust or even recreate new prosthetics for the athletes.

 

Each person has a unique body with unique requirements and there’s no such thing as “one-size-fits-all”. Each Paralympian may even have multiple types of prosthetics for their needs. According to the BBC, Stef Reid of Great Britain has four different types, including an everyday leg, straight line running and jumping leg, sport leg to allow for lateral motion, as well as a heel leg for when she wants to wear high heels.

 

Customization of prosthetics highlights the individual characteristics of each person. In the same way, caring for your body can be a unique process. Those with prosthetics can incur ailments and issues that are specific to their need to adapt to their prosthetics. Some use different muscles to mobilize the same way that non-disabled folks do. Dr. Brad Toll of Crofton Podiatry understands the uniqueness of each individual. Those that strain one side of their body more to compensate for the prosthetics may be more likely to suffer from Achilles tendinitis or plantar fasciitis.

 

If you have foot or ankle problems, our board-certified foot doctor will treat your specific needs at his Crofton, MD office. Call us at (410) 721-4505 to make an appointment today!


By Crofton Podiatry
September 15, 2016
Category: Foot Conditions
Tags: flat feet   Charcot foot  

Flat feet can be a development issue since birth or a change in adulthood.  Many people do not experience any type of issue from having flat feet, but others can suffer from pain and swelling, especially if the physical deformities feel pressure from shoe shape or changes in gait.

Flat feet can be diagnosed in children by observing whether or not arches form in their feet. Additionally, many children’s flat feet are associated with in-toeing or over pronation, which puts pressure on the inside of the feet. Over time, shoes will show rubber soles that are worn down on the inner parts. The same can be found for adults who over pronate their feet when they walk. It is important to correct issues of over pronation by coming in to see Dr. Brad Toll at Crofton Podiatry. Our board-certified podiatrist will treat flat feet issues with corrective orthotic insoles or shoes. Further developmental issues can be prevented for children and adults can avoid or alleviate pain and swelling.

More severe flatfoot issues to pay attention to:

Flatfoot issues that develop for adults are commonly found as a deformity that results in a collapsed arch. The causes can be due to the following:

  • Posterior Tibial Tendon Dysfunction (PTTD): Over time, the posterior tibial tendon can wear down and weaken. Sports can also strain the tendons and cause pain in the arch of the foot.

  • Rheumatoid Arthritis: This disease can affect joints and ligaments, causing a deformity in the arch. The collapsed arch can cause pain and swelling in the foot and ankles which have to work harder and compensate for the change.

  • Injuries can also cause a deformity, changing the shape of the bones, and possibly collapsing the arch.

  • Charcot Foot: This is a form of arthritis that develops without signs or pains. This is especially important for diabetics who lose feeling in their feet and may not realize that bones are starting to fracture or break. The changes in bone structure can cause deformity or a collapse in the arch, which may go unnoticed. If left untreated, the foot can become severely deformed, requiring restructuring of the bones.

If you are experiencing flatfoot pain or any of the more severe issues above, make an appointment at our Crofton, MD office, today. Early detection and treatment will prevent severe and more complex issues of foot deformity later.


By Crofton Podiatry
September 08, 2016
Tags: foot odor  

Did you know that your feet have about 3,000 glands per square inch? When the body needs to release heat, it’s done through sweating – the body’s natural process of cooling. The many glands release heat through the skin, via sweat. On parts of the body that are exposed to air, the sweat can evaporate or drip off, but for feet, the sweat gets trapped in socks and shoes. The moisture build up allows for bacterial and fungal growth on our feet and shoes – which causes the odor.

Because it can cause embarrassment, most people who suffer from foot odor issues do it in privacy. They won’t even bring it up to podiatrists and will do their best to just hide the problem. However, the possible consequence is that a bacterial or fungal infection may be present and it won’t be properly treated. This could also lead to a foot ulcer or other more complicated issue. Foot odor is more likely to be a problem for folks who are suffering from hyperhidrosis (excessive sweating), taking certain medications, experiencing hormonal changes, or enduring high stress.

Dr. Brad Toll, our board-certified podiatrist in Crofton, MD often sees patients who are struggling with foot odor. Some common tips he may give for preventing or dealing with foot odor are as follows:

  • Check your feet daily for any rashes or other signs of bacterial or fungal infections.

  • Wash your feet daily with warm water and antibacterial soap to reduce bacteria. Dry your feet completely before putting new socks on.

  • Wear socks with closed-toed shoes. Wear a clean pair of socks each day and bring another clean pair with you to change them midday if necessary.

  • Try to find moisture-wicking breathable socks. There are many options lately, especially for athletic socks.

  • Rotate shoes and let them dry out completely each time you wear them.

  • If it helps, apply foot sprays or foot powders – but you should see a podiatrist before you do.

For persistent foot odor, you can try soaking your feet in strong black tea (+cool water) for 30 minutes each day. The tea kills bacteria and closes the pores, keeping feet drier for longer. You can also do a vinegar (+water) soak.

If you have been suffering for a long time from foot odor, or are worried about persistent foot odor, make an appointment with us at Crofton Podiatry. Call our office today at (410) 721-4505. Dr. Toll will provide sensitive and personalized care for your foot care needs.


Many of us are still in awe of the performances given by the US Women’s Olympics Team. The Final Five’s Aly Raisman, Simone Biles, Gabby Douglas, Laurie Hernandez, and Madison Kocian gave us an Olympics to remember at Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Surely they have inspired your children, and even YOU to possibly pursue learning some gymnastics.

But before you or your children run off to practice your cartwheels, back handsprings, and the “Biles”, keep in mind that these professionals have been practicing and perfecting these moves for many years. They know the proper techniques for warming up, stretching, and strengthening the body to protect them from injury. They practice, practice, practice at gymnastics facilities with safe mats that cushion their falls. Coaches and supportive team members know how to take care of small and large injuries to prevent larger issues down the road. They also know when to go to the podiatrist for foot and ankle issues as their livelihoods (and future Olympics medals) depend on it!

Common Gymnastics Injuries to Feet and Ankles

Muscle and tissue strains, ankle sprains, and fractures can often happen due to the nature of the sport. Watch for some of the most common painful symptoms or injuries such as muscle soreness or tenderness, joint pain, sprained ankles, Achilles Tendonitis, and stress fractures. Accidental injuries can be even more severe, leaving you with a broken bone, as the French gymnast, Samir Ait Said had suffered at the Rio Olympics.

If you or your child experiences acute, severe pain, see a doctor immediately. For mild sprains, use the P.R.I.N.C.E method (Protection of the injury, Rest, Ice, NSAIDs, Compression, Elevation) until you can come in to see us at Crofton Podiatry.

Prevention Tips

Make sure you are physically ready for each training session by maintaining overall health and fitness, warming up, stretching, cooling down, and staying hydrated. Additionally, Gymnasticsrescue.com has much information about gymnastics tips, lifestyle, and injuries. The following are some of their suggestions for injury prevention:

  • Get medically examined by your doctor before starting training.

  • Use proper safety gear for learning.

  • Visit a doctor immediately if you suspect injury.

  • Make sure coaches are aware of any injuries or prior health conditions.

  • Make sure that you (or your child) is supported mentally and physically when learning new techniques.

At Crofton Podiatry, our patients’ foot and ankle needs come first. If you or your young child’s activity-related ambitions depend on healthy feet and ankles, we want to help keep you moving. Especially with gymnastics, pain and injury can slow down progress, and even cause you issues that prevent you from participating further or even your mobility. Dr. Brad Toll, our board-certified podiatrist is committed to assisting you with issues that arise from sports such as gymnastics. Make an appointment at our Crofton, MD office, today!





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2411 Crofton Lane, Suite 25
Crofton, MD 21114

Podiatrist - Crofton, Crofton Podiatry, 2411 Crofton Lane, Suite 25, Crofton MD, 21114 (410) 721-4505