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Posts for: February, 2017

By Crofton Podiatry
February 22, 2017
Category: Foot Conditions
Tags: corns   calluses   Orthotics  

You may have seen medications for corns at your local drugstore. If you’re a gym rat, you’ll have experiences with calluses on your hands. They are not the same, but can be similar in many ways. They are both formations on the skin that arise out of a need for protection – and both can affect your feet.

Both exhibit some form of thick, hard layers of skin. Corns are usually smaller, sometimes painful bumps that are harder in the middle, whereas calluses are usually larger and cover the areas that are affected by pressure or friction and no particular hard bump in the middle. Corns are usually on the top and sides of the toes, due to friction from tight shoes, or foot deformities like bunions or curly toes. Calluses are usually formed by friction from poorly fitting shoes. Neither are specifically bad, unless they cause you pain.

Safe At-Home Remedies

  • Make sure that your shoes fit well. If the tops are too tight or the fit is loose, your feet will experience pressure or slide around and cause irritation on your feet. Wearing socks will ensure a snug fit to prevent calluses.
  • Use padding to reduce rubbing if you have a certain spot that is constantly irritated.
  • After soaking in warm water, file down the thickened skin with a pumice stone or emery board, but be careful not to rip or cut it open. Then, moisturize to help keep your feet smooth.

Podiatrist Solutions

When the bumps have become painful or incessant, it’s time to see your podiatrist. The following are possible treatments he may recommend:

  • Trimming away thickened skin with a scalpel
  • Callus or corn-removing medication, like salicylic acid
  • Orthotic insert (for foot deformities)
  • Surgery (in severe cases)

Painful corns bothering you? Too many unsightly calluses? Our board-certified podiatrist, Dr. Brad Toll, can help you get rid of them safely. Especially for diabetics, safe treatment is important because poor circulation that can make things worse and prevent healing if the skin is pierced. Make an appointment today at Crofton Podiatry by calling (410) 721-4505. Our team is ready to help you at our Crofton, MD office, which also serves the surrounding Gambrills, Odenton, and Bowie areas.

 

 


By Crofton Podiatry
February 15, 2017
Category: Feet Safety

When it comes to everyday routines, humans tend to be creatures of habit. So when it comes to caring for our feet, an often-neglected part of our body, it’s best to make it a daily part of self-care. Since most of us are leading busy lives, small changes around the home can help keep your feet clean, comfortable, and healthy.

Try some of the following tips to help you better care for your feet:

  • Unless you have specific reasons for not doing so, take your shoes off at the door. Your shoes can carry all sorts of germs (bacteria, fungi, and viruses) from wherever you may have been walking all day. If you have young crawling children, they are susceptible to these germs even if you are consistently cleaning. Your feet can also pick up these germs after you’ve thoroughly cleaned them in the shower, pretty much defeating the purpose.
  • Have a shoe rack near the door for airing out your shoes. Putting them straight into a closet or shoe cabinet can prevent them from properly drying from excessive sweating or rain. Also, if they are smelly, it’s best to air them out and use a shoe spray.
  • You may also want to keep a container of socks by your shoes. This way you are not tempted to put on your shoes without socks, which can cause odor, shoe rot, or even infections on your feet if you do it often enough.
  • Does your back hurt from standing for long periods of time on the hardwood? You may notice this if you’re cooking or cleaning in the kitchen for a long time. Anti-fatigue mats help your feet and back from getting tired and sore. In the kitchen, put them in front of the sink, island, or oven. In the office, put them in front of your standing desk or large easel.
  • Safety First! Make sure you have a rubber mat in the bathtub to prevent slipping.
  • Another safety precaution is to have anti-slip strips or a stair liner to prevent slipping while going up or down the stairs. This is especially important for homes with young children or older adults.
  • If wearing slippers indoors, make sure you have the proper kind. For medium to high pile carpets, slippers SHOULD NOT have grippy soles since they can get caught and cause you to trip.  For hardwood floors, slippers SHOULD have the grippy soles so that you don’t slip. Again, this is especially important for homes with older adults.

If you have other specific needs for foot or ankle disorders, ask your board-certified podiatrist, Dr. Brad Toll for tips on how to set a routine. Small changes can make a big improvement to your family’s foot health. Make an appointment today for your annual podiatry check up at Crofton Podiatry by calling (410) 721-4505. Our team is ready to help you at our Crofton, MD office, which also serves the surrounding Gambrills, Odenton, and Bowie areas.


By Crofton Podiatry
February 08, 2017
Category: Foot Care Tips

One way to prevent injury is to be proactive and strengthen your body. In particular, to help your ankle from common injuries like sprains and tendinitis, you can train the muscles around the ankle joint to be stronger and more stable. The methods of training can include the following stretching, balancing, and strengthening activities.

Stretching

  • Flex and point your toes for 10 seconds each. Be conscious of the stretch from the tips of your toes to the tops of your knees.
  • Now try flexing and pointing your toes with an elastic band as added resistance.
  • Turn your ankles in circles, clockwise and counter-clockwise.
  • Now try this with an elastic band for added resistance.

Balance Training
Always start by standing with weight evenly distributed on both feet.

  • Stand straight up on one leg for 30 seconds to a minute. Try spreading your toes and engaging your muscles from the calf down to your toes. Switch legs and repeat.
  • Stand on one leg on an uneven surface like a cushion or Bosu ball. This will challenge you to balance your ankle in different directions.
  • Try one leg squats. These can be difficult, so start by squatting half way. Eventually, you may strengthen enough to do pistol squats, where you squat all the way down on one leg.
  • Hop across a line on one foot. When you land, make sure you stand for at least 2 seconds and stabilize before hopping again.

Strengthening

  • Push your foot against a fixed/heavy object. Push down, pull up (with the top of the foot), push right, and push left against the object for 10 seconds in each direction on each foot. A couch or refrigerator can work at home.
  • Calf raises – This can be done sitting, and then again when standing. In essence, it’s like tiptoeing, but make sure you do it with control and stability to maximize the effect.
  • Squat Jumps – The goal is to do squat jumps with control, so that you don’t land with a loud sound on the floor creating high impact on your knees. Try to land softly.

These types of exercises can help to make your ankle stronger, flexible, and agile, which helps to prevent injury in sports or other unstable situation (like walking in heels). When recovering from a previous sprain, these exercises can help to rehabilitate the ankle back to (close to) normal. Make sure to have your sprain checked with your board-certified podiatrist, Dr. Brad Toll, at Crofton Podiatry. He can provide you with details to the proper exercises you should do for your particular injury. Call us today at (410) 721-4505 to make an appointment at our Crofton, MD office, which also serves the surrounding Gambrills, Odenton, and Bowie areas.


By Crofton Podiatry
February 01, 2017

Did you know that childhood obesity is on the rise in the United States? The stats are staggering: more than one third of children and teens are overweight or obese. Over the past thirty years, this statistic has grown exponentially! This is not good news, especially for families with developing children. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), childhood obesity affects not only the physical health (excessive weight, high blood pressure, high cholesterol, developmental issues, deformities, etc.), but the mental health (social anxiety and bullying) of children as well.

At Crofton Podiatry, we want you to be aware of some of the foot health effects of childhood obesity for your young ones. The following issues may occur and affect your children:

  • Flat Feet and Overpronation: The feet of obese children must bear much more weight than normally developing feet. It can result in flattened arches, wide feet, and overpronation when they walk. They may experience foot pain from the balls of their feet to the heels due to working harder to stabilize and mobilize. In this case, orthotics that have arch support may help reduce pain from fallen arches.
  • Joint pain and Leg-Length Discrepancies: Children grow at a faster rate than when they are adults. Excessive weight can bear down on growing bones and joints, resulting in joints that are unaligned or exacerbated leg-length discrepancies. When the joints or bones are not properly stacked, it can cause pain to your child.
  • Blount’s Disease: With this condition, the legs bow out to support excess weight and result in improper development of the ankles. Early treatment with orthotics can help to correct this issue, but when the problem becomes too severe, surgery may be required to regain proper bone and joint structure.  
  • Heel pain and Sever’s Disease: This issue causes your child pain from inflammation of the heel’s growth plate. Constant muscle strain and stress from trying to correct for carrying excess weight can wear down the tissues and ligaments connected to the heel. It can even lead to stress fractures if the problem goes untreated.

If your child suffers from issues related to obesity, see your pediatrician to find the best way to lead a healthy lifestyle for your child. Keep in mind: obese children may not have been exposed to much activity, but the excess weight can prevent them from successfully using activity to lose weight. Healthy foods and cardiovascular and strength-related activities should be part of daily regimens. Otherwise, your child may be more susceptible to injury, including strained tissues and stress fractures in feet and ankles. Children or teens that may be suffering from pain or deformity due to obesity should come see us for treatment. Dr. Brad Toll, our board-certified podiatrist can take care of your family’s needs. Call us today at (410) 721-4505 to make an appointment today at our Crofton, MD office, which also serves the surrounding Gambrills, Odenton, and Bowie areas.





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2411 Crofton Lane, Suite 25
Crofton, MD 21114

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